Most importantly, you help support continued development of this site. The majority of cases of retinotoxicity have occurred in patients that have had a cumulative dose exceeding 1000g of hydroxychloriquine (Plaquenil). This level is reached in about 7 years with the most common daily dose of Plaquenil, 400 mg/day (200 bid). Is atovaquone a chloroquine Success with plaquenil Chloroquine buy on line Chloroquine 250mg Irreversible retinal damage has been observed in some patients who had received hydroxychloroquine sulfate. Significant risk factors for retinal damage include daily doses of hydroxychloroquine sulfate greater than 6.5 mg/kg 5 mg/kg base of actual body weight, durations of use greater than five years, subnormal glomerular filtration, use of some Hydroxychloroquine has significantly less retinal toxicity and has largely replaced chloroquine as a treatment of inflammatory disease. Unfortunately, the retinal damage from these medications is largely irreversible, so it is critical to detect early retinal toxicity in the hopes of limiting the extent of visual loss. Sign/Symptoms Retinal Damage. According to Drugs.com, Plaquenil given for a long term can cause retinal disorders after a few months or years of daily use--especially if the dose exceeds 400mg per day. The risk of retinal damage increases at doses of 600mg to 700mg. It now solely uses real body weight (rather than ideal body weight) based on new recommendations from a 2014 study (1). Disclaimer: This tool is designed to help eye care professionals better understand the risk the of retinotoxicity from hydroxychloroquine. Please note: This calculator was modified in 9/2015. Plaquenil retinal damage Plaquenil Side Effects on Your Eyes and Vision, Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil Toxicity and Recommendations for Screening Plaquenil and lymphomaChloroquine mechanism of action pdf According to Drugs.com, Plaquenil given for a long term can cause retinal disorders after a few months or years of daily use--especially if the dose exceeds 400mg per day. The risk of retinal damage increases at doses of 600mg to 700mg. Long-Term Side Effects of Plaquenil for Rheumatoid.. Long-Term Side Effects of Plaquenil for Rheumatoid Arthritis. Early Plaquenil Toxicity Detected without Bull’s Eye Maculopathy. Plaquenil can produce pigment changes in the macula of the retina. The retina is the part of the back of the eye that you see with. The macula is the central part of the retina responsible for central fine vision. With Plaquenil related toxicity, the pigment in the macula can change and alter vision by producing blurring and distortion of objects. She claimed my husband's eye condition was due to his age, and not Hydroxychloroquine, of which retinal damage is a well-known side effect. My husband has continued to get more flashes and floaters. His right eye is pretty useless now. Many systemic medications may cause retinal toxicity. One such commonly used medication for dermatologic and rheumatologic inflammatory conditions is hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil, a chloroquine derivative. It is used to treat many diseases including malaria, rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus.