It's used to treat and prevent malaria infection, and to reduce symptoms and progression of autoimmune diseases such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, and others. Malaria is spread by mosquitoes, which transmit the parasites that cause the infection, usually in tropical and subtropical parts of the world. Hydroxychloroquine plaquenil pharmacological drug class Does plaquenil cause tinnitus Sarcoidosis treatment usmle hydroxychloroquine Mechanism of action of hydroxychloroquine as an antirheumatic drug. Fox RI1. Author information 1Department of Rheumatology, Scripps Clinic and Research Foundation, La Jolla, CA 92037. The antimalarial agents chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine have been used widely for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. Hydroxychloroquine is in a class of drugs called antimalarials. It is used to prevent and treat acute attacks of malaria. It is also used to treat discoid or systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis in patients whose symptoms have not improved with other treatments. Mechanism Of Action. The precise mechanism by which hydroxychloroquine exhibits activity against Plasmodium is not known. Hydroxychloroquine, like chloroquine, is a weak base and may exert its effect by concentrating in the acid vesicles of the parasite and by inhibiting polymerization of heme. It can also inhibit certain enzymes by its. For example, it may be combined with an antibiotic to treat chronic Q-fever, which humans usually catch from farm animals or raw milk. Plaquenil is used to treat other types of infections too. Hydroxychloroquine arthritis mechanism Hydroxychloroquine - American Osteopathic College of., Hydroxychloroquine MedlinePlus Drug Information Plaquenil for itp 1 80 Apr 27, 2018 Rheumatoid arthritis RA is a chronic systemic autoimmune disease that primarily affects the lining of the synovial joints and is associated with progressive disability, premature death, and. Rheumatoid arthritis pathological mechanisms and modern.. Plaquenil Hydroxychloroquine Uses, Dosage, Side Effects.. Hydroxychloroquine DermNet NZ. Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil is a drug that is classified as an anti-malarial drug. Plaquenil is prescribed for the treatment or prevention of malaria. It is also prescribed for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and the side effects of lupus such as hair loss, joint pain, and more. A review of hydroxychloroquine as used by rheumatologists and its side effects. For more information, please visit Hydroxychloroquine may cause some people to be agitated, irritable, or display other abnormal behaviors. It may also cause some people to have suicidal thoughts and tendencies, or to become more depressed. If you or your caregiver notice any of these side effects, tell your doctor right away. This medicine may cause hypoglycemia low blood sugar.